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Aonad 37 Unit 37

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Cúpla Focal

Last week’s lesson completes the Q&A programme for the Fáinne Airgid test – I hope you undertake the test with a teacher or you may do it via Skype or phone by contacting This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

To see through our series of online lessons until the end of March, we will now look weekly at an aspect of grammar – keeping it simple and avoiding an overload of technical language – though some grammatical terms are necessary.

We will start this week by adding to our store of adjectives and by considering comparatives and superlatives , i.e. if we were to take the word ‘young’ in English, the comparative is ‘younger’ and the superlative is ‘youngest’ (you have met this example already).

Let’s look firstly at a list of adjectives and then we will embed some of them in sentences

Bunchéim

Breischéim 

Sárcheim

Óg (young)

Níos óige 

Is óige

Sean (old)

Níos sine 

Is sine 

Cliste (clever)

Níos cliste

Is cliste 

Ard (tall, high)

Níos airde

Is airde

Láidir (strong)

Níos láidre

Is láidre 

Lag (weak)

Níos laige 

Is laige

Bocht (poor)

Níos boichte 

Is boichte

Deas (nice)

Níos deise

Is deise

Brónach (sad)

Níos brónaí

Is brónaí 

Leadránach (boring)

Níos leadránaí 

Is leadránaí 

Suimiúil (interesting)

Níos suimiúla 

Is suimiúla

Cáiliúil (famous)

Níos cáiliúla

Is cáiliúla 

Dathúil (handsome)

Níos dathúla 

Is dathúla 

Spéisiúil (interesting)

Níos spéisiula

Is spéisiula 

Leisciúil (lazy)

Níos leisciúla 

Is leisciúla 

 

You will have spotted some patterns above though keep your ears alert for the following examples 

Mór (big)

Níos mó 

Is mó 

Beag (small)

Níos lú

Is lú 

Maith (good)

Níos fearr 

Is fearr 

Olc (bad)

Níos measa 

Is measa 

Tapa (quick, fast)

Níos tapúla 

Is tapúla 

Te (hot)

Níos teo 

Is teo 

 

Before listening, you may wish to fill in the gaps yourself in the following sentences - you might need a dictionary 

Tá na daltaí níos _________ (óg) ná an múinteoir 

The pupils are younger than the teacher

Tá na daltaí níos _________ (óg) ná an múinteoir 

 

Tá mo sheanathair níos ____________ (sean) ná mo sheanmháthair 

My grandfather is older than my grandmother 

Tá mo sheanathair níos ____________ (sean) ná mo sheanmháthair 

  

Tá mé níos _________ (maith) ag an Ghaeilge ná Máirín 

I am better at Irish than Máirín 

Tá mé níos _________ (maith) ag an Ghaeilge ná Máirín 

 

Tá an Iodáil níos _______ (bocht) ná Meiriceá 

Italy is poorer than America 

Tá an Iodáil níos _______ (bocht) ná Meiriceá 

 

Tá an truailliú níos ________ (olc) in Éirinn ná in aon tír eile 

Pollution is worse in Ireland than it is in any other country 

Tá an truailliú níos ________ (olc) in Éirinn ná in aon tír eile

 

Tá níos _________ (beag) daoine ag caitheamh toitíní

Fewer people are smoking 

Tá níos _________ (beag) daoine ag caitheamh toitíní

 

Tá an Spáinn níos ________ (grianmhar) ná an Bhreatain 

Spain is sunnier than Britain 

Tá an Spáinn níos ________ (grianmhar) ná an Bhreatain 

 

Is é Homer Simpson an t-athair is ___________ (clúiteach) ar domhan 

Homer Simpson is the most famous father in the world 

Is é Homer Simpson an t-athair is ___________ (clúiteach) ar domhan 

 

Is é an Mháirt an lá is ________ (fada) agam mar ní chríochnaím go dtí a sé

Tuesday is my longest day as I don’t finish until 6 o’clock 

Is é an Mháirt an lá is ________ (fada) agam mar ní chríochnaím go dtí a sé

 

Still using your dictionary, you may have time to check out comparatives and superlatives for the following adjectives:

Ciúin (quiet)

Uaigneach (lonely)

Glan (clean)

Salach (dirty)

Mall (slow, late)

Tábhachtach (important)

Misniúil (courageous, brave)

Cairdiúil (friendly)

Bán (white)

Go dtí an chéad Aonad eile, slán go fóill.

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