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Aonad 40 Unit 40

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Cúpla Focal

In keeping with the emphasis on simple grammar in recent Units, we will progress this week to introduce the verbal adjective. It is best explained by using an example:

Glán an tábla > tá an tábla glanta (glanta/cleaned is the verbal adjective)

 

Dún an doras > tá an doras dúnta

 

Líon an citeal > tá an citeal líonta

 

Ól do sháith > tá mo sháith ólta

 

Las an solas > tá an solas lasta

 

Scríobh nóta chugam > tá nóta scríofa agam chugat

 

Seol litir chuig an nuachtán > tá litir seolta chuig an nuachtán

 

Oscail an fhuinneog > tá an fhuinneog oscailte

 

Díol do charr inniu > tá mo charr díolta

 

Ith do bhricfeasta > tá mo bhricfeasta ite

 

Déan do dhícheall > tá mo dhícheall déanta

 

Bailigh airgead don oispís > tá airgead bailithe don ospís

 

Triomaigh do chóta > tá mo chóta triomaithe

 

Ceannaigh bainne dom le do thoil > tá bainne ceannaithe agam duit

 

Other verbal adjectives appear in the following sentences.  Use a dictionary if necessary to translate them

 

(bris) Tá mo chos briste (my foot is broken)

(bácáil) Tá an cáca bácáilte (the cake is baked)

(tar) Tá an tacsaí tagtha (the taxi is here/arrived)

(imigh) Tá na cuairteoirí imithe (the visitors are gone)

(clois) Tá an scéal cloiste agam (the story is heard at me, I have heard the story)

(faigh) Tá an duais faighte agat (you have received the prize)

(tabhair) Tá an brontannas tugtha (the prize is given)

(gortaigh) Tá an paisinéir gortaithe (the passenger is injured)

(críochnaigh) Tá an tasc críochnaithe (the task is finished)

(léigh) Tá an leabhar léite (the book is read)

(feic) Tá an scannán feicthe agam cheana (the film is seen at me already, I have seen the film already)

(múch) Tá na soilse múchta (the lights are out – note the plural, na soilse)

 

The person in the following brief narrative has led a full life.  Listen out for the verbal adjectives:

Tá aois mhór sroicthe agam agus tá neart déanta.  Tá an tír siúlta agam; tá a lán airgid caite agam; agus tá an Róimh feicthe agam.  Agus tá an Ghaeilge foghlamtha agam – nach méanar dom!

 

I have reached a big age and have done a lot. I have walked the country; spent lots of money; and I have seen Rome.  And I have learned Irish – am I not fortunate!

 

Go dtí an chéad Aonad eile, slán.

 

 

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